ENERGY EFFICIENCY

WHY DO WE NEED AN ENERGY EFFICIENCY STRATEGY?

Energy Efficiency has become recognised world-wide as the most important cost-effective way of meeting the demands of sustainable development

Climate Change

Global Warming

Status Quo in South Africa

In 2002 the total primary energy supply was over 4 600 PJ of which 77 .3% was attributable to coal

Cheap electricity prices

Energy intensive

WSSD in 2002: EE is a key tool to enhance clean energy development

The Strategy offers a consolidated approach to capture opportunities in the best interest of our nation

POLICY PROCESS FOLLOWED

         White Paper on Energy Policy 1998

 

Vision of EE Strategy:

         To encourage sustainable energy sector development and energy use through efficient practices

 

         Thereby minimising the undesirable impacts of energy usage upon health and the environment

 

         And contributing towards secure and affordable energy for all

 

THE EE STRATEGY HAS 8 GOALS AS FOLLOWS:

1. Improve the health of the nation Reducing atmospheric emissions Sox and NOx

Respiratory illnesses

2. Job creation

Spin off effects created by energy efficiency Improvements in industrial /commercial performance and economic growth

GOALS CONTINUED..

3. Alleviate energy poverty

Healthy homes

Adequate provision of energy affordability

4. Reduce Environmental Pollution

Lower the impact of energy production and use

GOALS CONTINUED..

5. Reduce C02 emissions

GHG emissions

Climate Change

Clean Development Mechanism

6. Improve Industrial Competitiveness

Most cost effective way to maximise profitability

Export performance improved

7. Enhance energy security Import of crude oil

Price fluctuations

8. Delay the building of new power stations Decrease in load growth by 4 255MW by 2025 - DSM target

TARGETS TO BE MET BY 2015

Industry and Mining - 15% final energy demand reduction

Power Generation - 15% reduction in parasitic electrical usage

Commercial and Public Sector Buildings - 15% final energy demand reduction

Residential sector - 10% final energy demand reduction

Transport sector - 9% final energy demand reduction

MONITORING AND MEASUREMENT

Monitoring of achievement of target:

A methodology to monitor the achievement of the target with energy efficiency indicators has been completed.

To be done by DME

Measuring and Verification

Each individual project will be measured and verified when submitted for funding

This will be done by M&V Unit currently at Eskom

IMPLEMENTING INSTRUMENTS

Support mechanisms

EE standards, appliance labeling, certification and accreditation, education, information and awareness, research and technology, regulation, energy audits, energy management systems

Policy, mandate and governance

Finance instruments

Incentives, fee bates, financing the public sector implementation plan, ESCo's, CDM, DSM and energy pricing

Cooperation with Stakeholders

ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMMES OF GOVERNMENT: PUBLIC BUILDINGS

         Savings in this sector could exceed 25%

 

         DME in the process to sign MOU with other line departments to employ an energy manager and include energy management in its policies. The response from some Gov dept's is that they do not have funding to create posts and their core function is not ee. Further investigations ongoing.

 

         Close cooperation with Dept of Public Works 106 000 government buildings. Over 100 buildings have already been retrofitted. Savings an average of 1000kWh p.m. per building. At a price of 20c per unit a R203K saving p.a.

 

         SANS 204 standard for commercial buildings with SABS and the dti including a standard for housing. Unit standards for building audits and energy management

 

ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMMES OF GOVERNMENT: INDUSTRY AND LARGE BUSINESS

         Savings in this sector could be as much as 50%

 

         Minister signed EE accord with 32 mining and industrial companies in 2005 and 7 more in 2006. Voluntary agreement to achieve targets

 

         A Technical Committee has been established with the assistance of NBI where process, progress and reporting mechanisms are being addressed. One example of a successful project is the Mondi plant in Richards Bay who achieved a 40% saving on energy use. (many more)

 

         3 Industrial standards: AC motors, boilers and thermal insulation of pipes

 

         State Owned Enterprises requested to make EE part of their shareholders compact

 

         First training for SOE's took place on 21 Feb 2007


ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMMES OF GOVERNMENT: RESIDENTIAL SECTOR

         Ensure that DME takes lead in EE promotion and development in the country

 

         Awareness raising, education and interchange of information on energy efficiency, through promotional and information sessions

 

         DME, Eskom and NERSA - Energy Efficiency Awareness Campaign with schools competitions, street theatre, special promotions and exhibitions, radio, TV and printed media

 

         Promotion of Renewable Energy that can replace the use of fossil fuels as well as promotion of Energy Efficiency to minimise dependence on Fossil Fuels

 

         The development of more unit standards e.g. energy strategist for careers in energy efficiency

 

         The establishment of the Energy Efficiency Agency

 

CONCLUSION

         RSA is one of a few countries in the world with an Energy Efficiency Strategy

 

         We are the decision makers

 

         Energy Efficiency is about choices that we make on a daily basis

 

         Choose the correct energy source

 

         Choose the correct appliance

 

         Teach the correct behaviour

 

         Ensure a competitive South Africa, with healthy people and a growing economy.

 

         www.dme.gov.za

 

         www.savingenergvsa.co.za